Phlebotomy Technician Medical Terminology Practice Test

NHA Phlebotomy Technician Medical Terminology Practice Test 30 Questions Answers with Explanation. Medical Terminology includes 16 modules of right-sized content interwoven with interactivity and instant performance feedback. A sampling of the modules contains Concepts, Suffixes, Prefixes, Body Structure, Disease and Treatment, and 13 Body Systems.

NHA Phlebotomy Technician Medical Terminology Practice Test

Q1. What does the suffix “-ectomy” mean?

  • (A) Inflammation
  • (B) Surgical removal
  • (C) Tumor
  • (D) Condition
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: The suffix “-ectomy” refers to the surgical removal of a specific part of the body.

Q2. The prefix “hyper-” means:

  • (A) Below
  • (B) Excessive
  • (C) Normal
  • (D) Deficient
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: The prefix “hyper-” means excessive or above normal.

Q3. Which of the following terms refers to a red blood cell?

  • (A) Leukocyte
  • (B) Erythrocyte
  • (C) Thrombocyte
  • (D) Lymphocyte
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: The term “erythrocyte” refers to a red blood cell.

Q4. The medical term for high blood pressure is:

  • (A) Hypotension
  • (B) Hypertension
  • (C) Normotension
  • (D) Hyperlipidemia
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: Hypertension is the medical term for high blood pressure.

Q5. What does the prefix “brady-” mean?

  • (A) Fast
  • (B) Slow
  • (C) Short
  • (D) Long
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: The prefix “brady-” means slow.

Q6. The combining form “hepat/o” refers to which organ?

  • (A) Kidney
  • (B) Liver
  • (C) Heart
  • (D) Brain
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: The combining form “hepat/o” refers to the liver.

Q7. What does the term “leukopenia” mean?

  • (A) Increased red blood cells
  • (B) Decreased white blood cells
  • (C) Increased white blood cells
  • (D) Decreased red blood cells
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: Leukopenia refers to a decrease in the number of white blood cells.

Q8. The suffix “-itis” means:

  • (A) Disease
  • (B) Inflammation
  • (C) Condition
  • (D) Treatment
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: The suffix “-itis” means inflammation.

Q9. The term “cardiomegaly” refers to:

  • (A) Enlarged liver
  • (B) Enlarged heart
  • (C) Enlarged kidney
  • (D) Enlarged spleen
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: Cardiomegaly refers to an enlarged heart.

Q10. What does the prefix “tachy-” mean?

  • (A) Slow
  • (B) Rapid
  • (C) Normal
  • (D) Short
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: The prefix “tachy-” means rapid or fast.

Q11. Which of the following terms refers to a disease of the blood vessels?

  • (A) Hematology
  • (B) Angiopathy
  • (C) Nephropathy
  • (D) Dermatology
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: Angiopathy refers to a disease of the blood vessels.

Q12. The term “nephritis” means:

  • (A) Inflammation of the liver
  • (B) Inflammation of the kidney
  • (C) Inflammation of the brain
  • (D) Inflammation of the heart
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: Nephritis means inflammation of the kidney.

Q13. The suffix “-logy” means:

  • (A) Study of
  • (B) Treatment of
  • (C) Disease of
  • (D) Condition of
View Answer
Answer: (A) Explanation: The suffix “-logy” means the study of.

Q14. What does the term “gastrectomy” refer to?

  • (A) Removal of the stomach
  • (B) Removal of the liver
  • (C) Removal of the gallbladder
  • (D) Removal of the kidney
View Answer
Answer: (A) Explanation: Gastrectomy refers to the surgical removal of the stomach.

Q15. The prefix “hypo-” means:

  • (A) Above
  • (B) Below
  • (C) Within
  • (D) Around
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: The prefix “hypo-” means below or deficient.

Q16. The combining form “dermat/o” refers to which part of the body?

  • (A) Skin
  • (B) Bone
  • (C) Muscle
  • (D) Blood
View Answer
Answer: (A) Explanation: The combining form “dermat/o” refers to the skin.

Q17. The term “cyanosis” refers to:

  • (A) Redness of the skin
  • (B) Blue discoloration of the skin
  • (C) Yellow discoloration of the skin
  • (D) White discoloration of the skin
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: Cyanosis refers to a blue discoloration of the skin due to lack of oxygen.

Q18. What does the prefix “peri-” mean?

  • (A) Around
  • (B) Within
  • (C) Between
  • (D) Across
View Answer
Answer: (A) Explanation: The prefix “peri-” means around.

Q19. The term “osteoporosis” refers to:

  • (A) Bone infection
  • (B) Bone fracture
  • (C) Bone disease
  • (D) Bone loss
View Answer
Answer: (D) Explanation: Osteoporosis refers to the loss of bone density, leading to fragile bones.

Q20. The suffix “-stomy” means:

  • (A) Surgical incision
  • (B) Surgical creation of an opening
  • (C) Surgical repair
  • (D) Surgical removal
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: The suffix “-stomy” means the surgical creation of an opening.

Q21. The term “hemiplegia” means:

  • (A) Paralysis of all four limbs
  • (B) Paralysis of one side of the body
  • (C) Paralysis of the lower limbs
  • (D) Paralysis of the upper limbs
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: Hemiplegia refers to paralysis on one side of the body.

Q22. What does the prefix “neo-” mean?

  • (A) Old
  • (B) New
  • (C) Near
  • (D) Few
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: The prefix “neo-” means new.

Q23. The combining form “encephal/o” refers to:

  • (A) Heart
  • (B) Liver
  • (C) Brain
  • (D) Lung
View Answer
Answer: (C) Explanation: The combining form “encephal/o” refers to the brain.

Q24. The term “arthroscopy” refers to:

  • (A) Viewing of the heart
  • (B) Viewing of the joints
  • (C) Viewing of the liver
  • (D) Viewing of the lungs
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: Arthroscopy refers to the visual examination of the joints using an arthroscope.

Q25. The prefix “pneumo-” refers to which part of the body?

  • (A) Lung
  • (B) Liver
  • (C) Kidney
  • (D) Heart
View Answer
Answer: (A) Explanation: The prefix “pneumo-” refers to the lungs.

Q26. The suffix “-phobia” means:

  • (A) Attraction
  • (B) Fear
  • (C) Inflammation
  • (D) Disease
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: The suffix “-phobia” means fear.

Q27. The term “adenoma” refers to:

  • (A) Inflammation of a gland
  • (B) Tumor of a gland
  • (C) Disease of a gland
  • (D) Removal of a gland
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: Adenoma refers to a benign tumor of a gland.

Q28. The prefix “macro-” means:

  • (A) Small
  • (B) Large
  • (C) Near
  • (D) Far
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: The prefix “macro-” means large.

Q29. The combining form “nephr/o” refers to:

  • (A) Liver
  • (B) Heart
  • (C) Kidney
  • (D) Brain
View Answer
Answer: (C) Explanation: The combining form “nephr/o” refers to the kidney.

Q30. The term “splenomegaly” means:

  • (A) Enlargement of the liver
  • (B) Enlargement of the spleen
  • (C) Enlargement of the kidney
  • (D) Enlargement of the heart
View Answer
Answer: (B) Explanation: Splenomegaly refers to the enlargement of the spleen.

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