ACLS Exam Version A 2023 [Questions Answers]

AHA ACLS Exam Version A 2023 [Questions Answers]. Prepare for the ACLS Exam Version A 2023 with our comprehensive guide featuring essential questions and answers. Master key concepts in emergency cardiovascular care to ensure success in your certification. Learn effective CPR techniques, epinephrine administration, and more.

ACLS Exam Version A – Online Test

Preparing for the Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support (ACLS) exam? Here is a compilation of crucial multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and their answers to help you master the content and excel in your certification. You can also check ACLS Pretest Answer (PDF).

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ACLS Exam Version A Test

Advanced Cardiovascular Life Support Exam
Version A
Total Items: 50 Questions
Free test. No Registration is required

1 / 50

What is the first treatment priority for a patient who achieves ROSC?

2 / 50

What is the minimum systolic blood pressure one should attempt to achieve with fluid, inotropic, or vasopressor administration in a hypotensive post–cardiac arrest patient who achieves ROSC?

3 / 50

What is the recommended IV fluid (normal saline or Ringer’s lactate) bolus dose for a patient who achieves ROSC but is hypotensive during the post–cardiac arrest period?

4 / 50

What is the most reliable method of confirming and monitoring correct placement of an endotracheal tube?

5 / 50

What is the potential danger of using ties that pass circumferentially around the patient’s neck when securing an advanced airway?

6 / 50

Which condition is a contraindication to therapeutic hypothermia during the post–cardiac arrest period for patients who achieve return of spontaneous circulation ROSC?

7 / 50

What is the usual post–cardiac arrest target range for PETCO2 when ventilating a patient who achieves return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC)?

8 / 50

What is the recommended second dose of adenosine for patients in refractory but stable narrow-complex tachycardia?

9 / 50

Which rhythm requires synchronized cardioversion?

10 / 50

What is the initial priority for an unconscious patient with any tachycardia on the monitor?

11 / 50

You are evaluating a 48-year-old man with crushing substernal chest pain. The patient is pale, diaphoretic, cool to the touch, and slow to respond to your questions. The blood pressure is 58/32 mm Hg, the heart rate is 190/min, the respiratory rate is 18 breaths/min, and the pulse oximeter is unable to obtain a reading because there is no radial pulse. The lead II ECG displays a regular wide-complex tachycardia. What intervention should you perform next?

12 / 50

A 62-year-old man in the emergency department says that his heart is beating fast. He says he has no chest pain or shortness of breath. The blood pressure is 142/98 mm Hg, the pulse is 200/min, the respiratory rate is 14 breaths/min, and pulse oximetry is 95% on room air. What intervention should you perform next?

13 / 50

What is the proper ventilation rate for a patient in cardiac arrest who has an advanced airway in place?

14 / 50

EMS is transporting a patient with a positive prehospital stroke assessment. Upon arrival in the emergency department, the initial blood pressure is 138/78 mm Hg, the pulse rate is 80/min, the respiratory rate is 12 breaths/min, and the pulse oximetry reading is 95% on room air. The lead II ECG displays sinus rhythm. The blood glucose level is within normal limits. What intervention should you perform next?

15 / 50

A 68-year-old woman experienced a sudden onset of right arm weakness. EMS personnel measure a blood pressure of 140/90 mm Hg, a heart rate of 78/min, a nonlabored respiratory rate of 14 breaths/min, and a pulse oximetry reading of 97%. The lead II ECG displays sinus rhythm. What is the most appropriate action for the EMS team to perform next?

16 / 50

While treating a patient with dizziness, a blood pressure of 68/30 mm Hg, and cool, clammy skin, you see this lead II ECG rhythm:

What is the most appropriate first intervention?

17 / 50

What is the appropriate procedure for endotracheal tube suctioning after the appropriate catheter is selected?

18 / 50

A patient in respiratory failure becomes apneic but continues to have a strong pulse. The heart rate is dropping rapidly and now shows a sinus bradycardia at a rate of 30/min. What intervention has the highest priority?

19 / 50

A 49-year-old woman arrives in the emergency department with persistent epigastric pain. She had been taking oral antacids for the past 6 hours because she thought she had heartburn. The initial blood pressure is 118/72 mm Hg, the heart rate is 92/min and regular, the nonlabored respiratory rate is 14 breaths/min, and the pulse oximetry reading is 96%. Which is the most appropriate intervention to perform next?

20 / 50

Choose an appropriate indication to stop or withhold resuscitative efforts.

21 / 50

You are receiving a radio report from an EMS team en route with a patient who may be having an acute stroke. The hospital CT scanner is not working at this time. What should you do in this situation?

22 / 50

A monitored patient in the ICU developed a sudden onset of narrow-complex tachycardia at a rate of 220/min. The patient’s blood pressure is 128/58 mm Hg, the PETCO2 is 38 mm Hg, and the pulse oximetry reading is 98%. There is vascular access at the left internal jugular vein, and the patient has not been given any vasoactive drugs. A 12-lead ECG confirms a supraventricular tachycardia with no evidence of ischemia or infarction. The heart rate has not responded to vagal maneuvers. What is the next recommended intervention?

23 / 50

A patient has sudden onset of dizziness. The patient’s heart rate is 180/min, blood pressure is 110/70 mm Hg, respiratory rate is 18 breaths/min, and pulse oximetry reading is 98% on room air. The lead II ECG is shown below:

What is the next appropriate intervention?

24 / 50

A patient presents to the emergency department with dizziness and shortness of breath with a sinus bradycardia of 40/min. The initial atropine dose was ineffective, and your monitor/defibrillator is not equipped with a transcutaneous pacemaker. What is the appropriate dose of dopamine for this patient?

25 / 50

A patient presents to the emergency department with new onset of dizziness and fatigue. On examination, the patient’s heart rate is 35/min, the blood pressure is 70/50 mm Hg, the respiratory rate is 22 breaths/min, and the oxygen saturation is 95%. What is the appropriate first medication?

26 / 50

What is the appropriate ventilation strategy for an adult in respiratory arrest with a pulse rate of 80/min?

27 / 50

Which action improves the quality of chest compressions delivered during a resuscitation attempt?

28 / 50

What is the primary purpose of a medical emergency team (MET) or rapid response team (RRT)?

29 / 50

Which of the following is a sign of effective CPR?

30 / 50

What is the appropriate interval for an interruption in chest compressions?

31 / 50

Which drug and dose are recommended for the management of a patient in refractory ventricular fibrillation?

32 / 50

Which action is included in the BLS Survey?

33 / 50

What action is recommended to help minimize interruptions in chest compressions during CPR?

34 / 50

What is an advantage of using hands-free defibrillation pads instead of defibrillation paddles?

35 / 50

During your assessment, your patient suddenly loses consciousness. After calling for help and determining that the patient is not breathing, you are unsure whether the patient has a pulse. What is your next action?

36 / 50

Which is a safe and effective practice within the defibrillation sequence?

37 / 50

For the past 25 minutes, an EMS crew has attempted resuscitation of a patient who originally presented in ventricular fibrillation. After the first shock, the ECG screen displayed asystole, which has persisted despite 2 doses of epinephrine, a fluid bolus, and high-quality CPR. What is your next treatment?

38 / 50

The use of quantitative capnography in intubated patients

39 / 50

Three minutes after witnessing a cardiac arrest, one member of your team inserts an endotracheal tube while another performs continuous chest compressions. During subsequent ventilation, you notice the presence of a waveform on the capnography screen and a PETCO2 level of 8 mm Hg. What is the significance of this finding?

40 / 50

What is the BEST strategy for performing high-quality CPR on a patient with an advanced airway in place?

41 / 50

Which situation BEST describes pulseless electrical activity?

42 / 50

Which action increases the chance of successful conversion of ventricular fibrillation?

43 / 50

Which action is a component of high-quality chest compressions?

44 / 50

What is a common but sometimes fatal mistake in cardiac arrest management?

45 / 50

During a pause in CPR, you see this lead II ECG rhythm on the monitor. The patient has no pulse. What is the next action?

46 / 50

You have completed 2 minutes of CPR. The ECG monitor displays the lead II rhythm below, and the patient has no pulse. Another member of your team resumes chest compressions, and an IV is in place. What management step is your next priority?

47 / 50

An activated AED does not promptly analyze the rhythm. What is your next action?

48 / 50

What is the preferred method of access for epinephrine administration during cardiac arrest in most patients?

49 / 50

You are evaluating a 58-year-old man with chest pain. The blood pressure is 92/50 mm Hg, the heart rate is 92/min, the nonlabored respiratory rate is 14 breaths/min, and the pulse oximetry reading is 97%. What assessment step is most important now?

50 / 50

You find an unresponsive patient who is not breathing. After activating the emergency response system, you determine that there is no pulse. What is your next action?

Your score is

ACLS Exam Version A Question Answer

Unresponsive Patient Without Pulse Question: You find an unresponsive patient who is not breathing. After activating the emergency response system, you determine no pulse. What is your next action?
Answer: D. Start chest compressions at a rate of at least 100/min.

Assessment of Chest Pain Question: You evaluate a 58-year-old man with chest pain. The blood pressure is 92/50 mm Hg, the heart rate is 92/min, the nonlabored respiratory rate is 14 breaths/min, and the pulse oximetry reading is 97%. What assessment step is most important now?
Answer: D. Obtaining a 12-lead ECG.

Preferred Method for Epinephrine Administration Question: What is the preferred method of access for epinephrine administration during cardiac arrest in most patients? Answer: D. Peripheral intravenous.

AED Connection Issue Question: An activated AED does not promptly analyze the rhythm. What is your next action?
Answer: C. Check all AED connections and reanalyze.

Management After CPR Question: You have completed 2 minutes of CPR. The ECG monitor displays the lead II rhythm below, and the patient has no pulse. Another member of your team resumes chest compressions, and an IV is in place. What management step is your next priority?
Answer: C. Administer 1 mg of epinephrine.

Response to PEA Question: During a pause in CPR, you see this lead II ECG rhythm on the monitor. The patient has no pulse. What is the next action?
Answer: C. Resume chest compressions.

Common Mistake in Cardiac Arrest Management Question: What is a common but sometimes fatal mistake in cardiac arrest management?
Answer: D. Prolonged interruptions in chest compressions.

High-Quality Chest Compressions Question: Which action is a component of high-quality chest compressions?
Answer: A. Allowing complete chest recoil.

Successful Conversion of Ventricular Fibrillation Question: Which action increases the chance of successful conversion of ventricular fibrillation?
Answer: D. Providing quality compressions immediately before a defibrillation attempt.

Pulseless Electrical Activity (PEA) Question: Which situation BEST describes pulseless electrical activity?
Answer: B. Sinus rhythm without a pulse.

CPR with Advanced Airway Question: What is the BEST strategy for performing high-quality CPR on a patient with an advanced airway in place?
Answer: D. Provide continuous chest compressions and 10 ventilations per minute without pauses.

Significance of PETCO2 Level Question: Three minutes after witnessing a cardiac arrest, one member of your team inserts an endotracheal tube while another performs continuous chest compressions. During subsequent ventilation, you notice the presence of a waveform on the capnography screen and a PETCO2 level of 8 mm Hg. What is the significance of this finding?
Answer: A. Chest compressions may not be effective.

Use of Quantitative Capnography Question: The use of quantitative capnography in intubated patients
Answer: A. allows for monitoring of CPR quality.

Management of Refractory Ventricular Fibrillation Question: For the past 25 minutes, an EMS crew has attempted resuscitation of a patient who originally presented in ventricular fibrillation. After the first shock, the ECG screen displayed asystole, which has persisted despite 2 doses of epinephrine, a fluid bolus, and high-quality CPR. What is your next treatment? Answer: D. Consider terminating resuscitative efforts after consulting medical control.

Safe Defibrillation Practice Question: Which is a safe and effective practice within the defibrillation sequence?
Answer: B. Be sure oxygen is not blowing over the patient’s chest during the shock.

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