AP Human Geography Practice Test 2023 Study Guide

AP Human Geography Practice Test 2023 (UPDATED): Try our free Advanced Placement AP Human Geography (APHG) Exam review questions and answers for free. You can also download PDF for better AP Human Geography Prep.

In 1955 the College Board introduced the Advanced Placement program to give high school students the opportunity to earn college credit while still in high school. The AP program now serves over 2.4 million enterprising high school students.

AP Human Geography Practice Test

This AP Human Geography Practice Test contains a diagnostic exam that is very similar to the actual AP Human Geography exam you will take in May. Taking this diagnostic exam now will let you know what you’re up against and help you identify the areas of human geography that you need to concentrate on during your review.

Give yourself exactly 60 minutes to complete the 75 multiple-choice questions of Section I and 75 minutes to write the three free-response essays of Section II.

APHG Practice Test

AP Human Geography Exam

The AP Human Geography exam is written by high school, college, and university instructors who actually teach introductory-level human geography in their schools.

A committee called the Test Development Committee meets to select and refine exam questions. The questions are finally field-tested before they are included on the AP Human Geography exam. Multiple-choice questions on the AP Human Geography exam are scored electronically; the free-response questions are scored by a group of high school, college, and university instructors, who meet in a central location in June following the May administration of the exam.

Test Name Advanced Placement Exam
Subject Human Geography (APHG)
Total Sections Two Section I and Section II
Section I 75 MCQs – 60 minutes
Section II FRQs – 75 minutes
break 5-minutes
Fees $94 and $124
Negative Marking NO

The exam consists of two sections—multiple-choice and free-response questions (FRQs). There are 75 multiple-choice questions in Section I of the exam and three free-response questions in Section II of the exam. Each of these two sections accounts for half of your exam grade. You should expect to interpret maps, graphs, charts, photographs, and tables in both sections of the exam.

The exam is two hours and 15 minutes long and is timed. You will be given 60 minutes to answer the 75 multiple-choice questions in Section I and 75 minutes to answer the three free-response questions in Section II. There will be a 5-minute break between exam sections.

Tip: Points are not deducted for incorrect answers, and no points are awarded for unanswered questions.

Exam Content

The test questions will be divided among the different topics in the following percentages:

  • Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives 5–10 percent
  • Population 13–17 percent
  • Cultural Patterns and Processes 13–17 percent
  • Political Organization of Space 13–17 percent
  • Agriculture and Rural Land Use 13–17 percent
  • Industrialization and Economic Development 13–17 percent
  • Cities and Urban Land Use 13–17 percent


Multiple-Choice Section

There are 75 multiple-choice questions on the first section of the exam. Your score is based on the total number of multiple-choice questions you answer correctly. That means that you should definitely take a guess and try not to leave any answers blank! Your goal is to get as many correct answers as possible. There is no longer any penalty for guessing as was the case in previous years. Try to get at least 50 of the 75 multiple-choice answers correct—that will help give you a score of 4 or 5 on the exam.

Free-Response Questions

The three free-response essay questions on the exam will be worth from 6 to 12 points each. You will not know how many points each question is worth, however. Your goal is to read very carefully each word in each sentence of the questions and answer the questions completely and in detail. When the essays are scored, the readers will look for specific concepts, explanations, and descriptions in your answer.

If you do not give the correct information, you will not receive points. If you give the correct information in excellent detail, you will receive the maximum points allowed for that part of the essay question. A “somewhat correct but not quite complete” response will earn you a smaller number of points. The reader grading your exam will add up your points. The total points you earned on all three essays need to add up to at least 60 percent of the total available points for you to earn a 4 or a 5 on the overall exam.

These scores mean:

  • 5–Extremely well qualified
  • 4–Well qualified
  • 3–Qualified
  • 2–Possibly qualified
  • 1–No recommendation

Resources to Prepare for Exam

The College Board has provided extra online resources for you to help you prepare for the AP exam! Go to https://apcentral.collegeboard.org/courses/ap-human-geography/exam/past-exam-questions
to find resources such as sample questions and responses, exam practice tips, and scoring guidelines for past free-response questions (FRQs).

If you would like additional information on AP Human Geography or want to register for the exam, contact:
College Board intends all communication to come via their website:

Phone: 888-225-5427
International callers: 212-632-1780
Fax: 610-290-8979
Email: apstudents@info.collegeboard.org
Web: https://apstudent.collegeboard.org/home