AP World History Practice Test Chapter 5

AP World History Practice Test Chapter 5 (UPDATED) Questions Answers. You can also download the Advanced Placement exam 2024 full-length review practice test in printable pdf. This quiz is meticulously designed to help you deepen your understanding of the historical events, civilizations, and cultural shifts that have shaped our world, specifically focusing on the topics covered in Chapter 5.

In this AP World History test prep , we delve into a comprehensive set of practice questions, each accompanied by detailed answers and explanations. These questions are tailored to mirror the format of the actual AP World History exam, allowing you to familiarize yourself with the types of questions you can expect.

We cover key themes, important historical figures, major events, and pivotal societal changes, all geared towards enhancing your comprehension and recall of Chapter 5. Whether you’re struggling with a particular concept or looking to review and test your knowledge, this test will serve

Some of these early empires were tolerant of conquered groups, while others excluded ethnic or cultural groups that were conquered. Eventually, most of these empires grew too large too quickly. They had difficulty managing political and economic affairs, leading to discontent. These issues led to a period of decline. Many of these empires eventually fell to nomadic groups living on their borders

AP World History Practice Test Chapter 5

Chapter 5
13

AP World History Practice Test Chapter 5

AP World History Practice Test

Chapter 5: The Development of States and Empires
Total Items: 17 MCQs
Time Limit: N/A

1 / 17

Questions refer to the following passage.

“In the midst of the houses of the people of all the four castes
and to the north from the centre of the ground inside the fort,
the king’s palace, facing either the north or the east shall, as
described elsewhere, be constructed occupying one-ninth of
the whole site inside the fort.
On the eastern side, merchants trading in scents, garlands, grains,
and liquids, together with expert artisans and the people of
Kshatriya caste shall have their habitations.
To the south, the superintendents of the city, of commerce, of
manufactories, and of the army as well as those who trade in
cooked rice, liquor, and flesh, besides prostitutes, musicians, and
the people of Vaisya caste shall live.
To the west, artisans manufacturing worsted threads, cotton
threads, bamboo-mats, skins, armors, weapons, and gloves as well
as the people of Súdra caste shall have their dwellings.
To the north, the royal tutelary deity of the city, ironsmiths,
artisans working on precious stones, as well as Bráhmans shall reside.”
“Wives who belong to Sudra, Vaisya, Kshatriya or Brahman caste,
and who have not given birth to children should wait as long as a
year for their husbands who have gone abroad for a short time; . . .
If the husband is a Bráhman, studying abroad, his wife who has no
issue should wait for him for ten years; but if she has given birth to
children, she should wait for twelve years. If the husband is of
Kshatriya caste, his wife should wait for him till her death.”
Arthashastra, a legal and political treatise produced for
Chandragupta Maurya of India, circa 300 B.C.E.

Compared to the regulations in the passage, Buddhist practices concerning social status in the period 600 B.C.E.–600 C.E. differed in that they

2 / 17

Questions refer to the following passage.

“In the midst of the houses of the people of all the four castes
and to the north from the centre of the ground inside the fort,
the king’s palace, facing either the north or the east shall, as
described elsewhere, be constructed occupying one-ninth of
the whole site inside the fort.
On the eastern side, merchants trading in scents, garlands, grains,
and liquids, together with expert artisans and the people of
Kshatriya caste shall have their habitations.
To the south, the superintendents of the city, of commerce, of
manufactories, and of the army as well as those who trade in
cooked rice, liquor, and flesh, besides prostitutes, musicians, and
the people of Vaisya caste shall live.
To the west, artisans manufacturing worsted threads, cotton
threads, bamboo-mats, skins, armors, weapons, and gloves as well
as the people of Súdra caste shall have their dwellings.
To the north, the royal tutelary deity of the city, ironsmiths,
artisans working on precious stones, as well as Bráhmans shall reside.”
“Wives who belong to Sudra, Vaisya, Kshatriya or Brahman caste,
and who have not given birth to children should wait as long as a
year for their husbands who have gone abroad for a short time; . . .
If the husband is a Bráhman, studying abroad, his wife who has no
issue should wait for him for ten years; but if she has given birth to
children, she should wait for twelve years. If the husband is of
Kshatriya caste, his wife should wait for him till her death.”
Arthashastra, a legal and political treatise produced for
Chandragupta Maurya of India, circa 300 B.C.E.

Which of the following conclusions about the period 600 B.C.E.–600 C.E. is most directly supported by the passage?

3 / 17

Questions refer to the following passage.

“In the midst of the houses of the people of all the four castes
and to the north from the centre of the ground inside the fort,
the king’s palace, facing either the north or the east shall, as
described elsewhere, be constructed occupying one-ninth of
the whole site inside the fort.
On the eastern side, merchants trading in scents, garlands, grains,
and liquids, together with expert artisans and the people of
Kshatriya caste shall have their habitations.
To the south, the superintendents of the city, of commerce, of
manufactories, and of the army as well as those who trade in
cooked rice, liquor, and flesh, besides prostitutes, musicians, and
the people of Vaisya caste shall live.
To the west, artisans manufacturing worsted threads, cotton
threads, bamboo-mats, skins, armors, weapons, and gloves as well
as the people of Súdra caste shall have their dwellings.
To the north, the royal tutelary deity of the city, ironsmiths,
artisans working on precious stones, as well as Bráhmans shall reside.”
“Wives who belong to Sudra, Vaisya, Kshatriya or Brahman caste,
and who have not given birth to children should wait as long as a
year for their husbands who have gone abroad for a short time; . . .
If the husband is a Bráhman, studying abroad, his wife who has no
issue should wait for him for ten years; but if she has given birth to
children, she should wait for twelve years. If the husband is of
Kshatriya caste, his wife should wait for him till her death.”
Arthashastra, a legal and political treatise produced for
Chandragupta Maurya of India, circa 300 B.C.E.

The passage is best used as evidence of which of the following in Mauryan society?

4 / 17

Questions refer to the following passage.

“In the midst of the houses of the people of all the four castes
and to the north from the centre of the ground inside the fort,
the king’s palace, facing either the north or the east shall, as
described elsewhere, be constructed occupying one-ninth of
the whole site inside the fort.
On the eastern side, merchants trading in scents, garlands, grains,
and liquids, together with expert artisans and the people of
Kshatriya caste shall have their habitations.
To the south, the superintendents of the city, of commerce, of
manufactories, and of the army as well as those who trade in
cooked rice, liquor, and flesh, besides prostitutes, musicians, and
the people of Vaisya caste shall live.
To the west, artisans manufacturing worsted threads, cotton
threads, bamboo-mats, skins, armors, weapons, and gloves as well
as the people of Súdra caste shall have their dwellings.
To the north, the royal tutelary deity of the city, ironsmiths,
artisans working on precious stones, as well as Bráhmans shall reside.”
“Wives who belong to Sudra, Vaisya, Kshatriya or Brahman caste,
and who have not given birth to children should wait as long as a
year for their husbands who have gone abroad for a short time; . . .
If the husband is a Bráhman, studying abroad, his wife who has no
issue should wait for him for ten years; but if she has given birth to
children, she should wait for twelve years. If the husband is of
Kshatriya caste, his wife should wait for him till her death.”
Arthashastra, a legal and political treatise produced for
Chandragupta Maurya of India, circa 300 B.C.E.

Which of the following changes to Mauryan religious policy occurred under Chandragupta’s grandson, Emperor Ashoka?

5 / 17

Questions refer to the following passage.

“The three kinds of government, monarchy, aristocracy, and
democracy, were all found united in the commonwealth of
Rome. For if they turned their view upon the power of the
consuls, the government appeared to be purely monarchial
and regal. If, again, the authority of the senate was
considered, it then seemed to wear the form of aristocracy.
And if regard was to be had to the share which the people
possessed in the administration of affairs, it could then
scarcely fail to be denominated a popular state.
The consuls, when they remain in Rome, before they lead out
the armies into the field, are the masters of all public affairs.
For all other magistrates, the tribunes alone excepted, are
subject to them, and bound to obey their commands. They
introduce ambassadors into the senate. They propose also to
the senate the subjects of debates; and direct all forms that are
observed in making the decrees. Nor is it less a part of their
office likewise, to attend to those affairs that are transacted
by the people; to call together general assemblies; to report to
them the resolutions of the senate; and to ratify whatever is
determined by the greater number. In all the preparations that
are made for war, as well as in the whole administration in
the field, they possess an almost absolute authority.”
Polybius, Greek historian of the Hellenistic period, “An
Analysis of Roman Government,” circa 150 B.C.E

The role of Roman consuls described in the passage most strongly supports which of the following statements about the Roman Empire?

6 / 17

Questions refer to the following passage.

“The three kinds of government, monarchy, aristocracy, and
democracy, were all found united in the commonwealth of
Rome. For if they turned their view upon the power of the
consuls, the government appeared to be purely monarchial
and regal. If, again, the authority of the senate was
considered, it then seemed to wear the form of aristocracy.
And if regard was to be had to the share which the people
possessed in the administration of affairs, it could then
scarcely fail to be denominated a popular state.
The consuls, when they remain in Rome, before they lead out
the armies into the field, are the masters of all public affairs.
For all other magistrates, the tribunes alone excepted, are
subject to them, and bound to obey their commands. They
introduce ambassadors into the senate. They propose also to
the senate the subjects of debates; and direct all forms that are
observed in making the decrees. Nor is it less a part of their
office likewise, to attend to those affairs that are transacted
by the people; to call together general assemblies; to report to
them the resolutions of the senate; and to ratify whatever is
determined by the greater number. In all the preparations that
are made for war, as well as in the whole administration in
the field, they possess an almost absolute authority.”
Polybius, Greek historian of the Hellenistic period, “An
Analysis of Roman Government,” circa 150 B.C.E

A historian would most likely use this passage to illustrate which of the following about empires in the period 600 B.C.E.–600 C.E.?

7 / 17

Questions refer to the following passage.

“The three kinds of government, monarchy, aristocracy, and
democracy, were all found united in the commonwealth of
Rome. For if they turned their view upon the power of the
consuls, the government appeared to be purely monarchial
and regal. If, again, the authority of the senate was
considered, it then seemed to wear the form of aristocracy.
And if regard was to be had to the share which the people
possessed in the administration of affairs, it could then
scarcely fail to be denominated a popular state.
The consuls, when they remain in Rome, before they lead out
the armies into the field, are the masters of all public affairs.
For all other magistrates, the tribunes alone excepted, are
subject to them, and bound to obey their commands. They
introduce ambassadors into the senate. They propose also to
the senate the subjects of debates; and direct all forms that are
observed in making the decrees. Nor is it less a part of their
office likewise, to attend to those affairs that are transacted
by the people; to call together general assemblies; to report to
them the resolutions of the senate; and to ratify whatever is
determined by the greater number. In all the preparations that
are made for war, as well as in the whole administration in
the field, they possess an almost absolute authority.”
Polybius, Greek historian of the Hellenistic period, “An
Analysis of Roman Government,” circa 150 B.C.E

Polybius’s description of the role of the consuls is similar to which of the following in the period 1450–1750 C.E.?

8 / 17

Questions refer to the following passage.

“The three kinds of government, monarchy, aristocracy, and
democracy, were all found united in the commonwealth of
Rome. For if they turned their view upon the power of the
consuls, the government appeared to be purely monarchial
and regal. If, again, the authority of the senate was
considered, it then seemed to wear the form of aristocracy.
And if regard was to be had to the share which the people
possessed in the administration of affairs, it could then
scarcely fail to be denominated a popular state.
The consuls, when they remain in Rome, before they lead out
the armies into the field, are the masters of all public affairs.
For all other magistrates, the tribunes alone excepted, are
subject to them, and bound to obey their commands. They
introduce ambassadors into the senate. They propose also to
the senate the subjects of debates; and direct all forms that are
observed in making the decrees. Nor is it less a part of their
office likewise, to attend to those affairs that are transacted
by the people; to call together general assemblies; to report to
them the resolutions of the senate; and to ratify whatever is
determined by the greater number. In all the preparations that
are made for war, as well as in the whole administration in
the field, they possess an almost absolute authority.”
Polybius, Greek historian of the Hellenistic period, “An
Analysis of Roman Government,” circa 150 B.C.E

Which of the following was a long-term effect of the expansion of the Roman Empire?

9 / 17

Questions are referred to the sources that follow.A historian would most likely use the image in Source 1 as support for which of the following?

10 / 17

Questions are referred to the sources that follow.Which of the following best explains the extent of the Han dynasty as shown in Source 2?

11 / 17

Questions are referred to the sources that follow.Based on your knowledge of world history, which of the following contributed most directly to the Han dynasty’s ability to maintain imperial rule?

12 / 17

For questions refer to the map below.

THE PERSIAN EMPIRE, C. 500 B.C.E.

The map supports which of the following assertions about empires in the period 600 B.C.E.–600 C.E.?

13 / 17

For questions refer to the map below.

THE PERSIAN EMPIRE, C. 500 B.C.E.

Based on the map and your knowledge of world history, which of the following could be inferred about the cities identified on the map?

14 / 17

Questions refer to the table below.

ROMAN CITIZENS OF MILITARY AGE, 338 B.C.E. TO 47 C.E

Which of the following best explains the overall population trend shown in the table?

15 / 17

Questions refer to the table below.

ROMAN CITIZENS OF MILITARY AGE, 338 B.C.E. TO 47 C.E

Which of the following best describes an impact of the population trend shown in the table?

16 / 17

Questions refer to the table below.

ROMAN CITIZENS OF MILITARY AGE, 338 B.C.E. TO 47 C.E

The trend represented by the table is most similar to which of the following?

17 / 17

For questions refer to the map below.

THE PERSIAN EMPIRE, C. 500 B.C.E.

Based on your knowledge of world history, which of the following factors contributed to the success of the Persian Empire?

Your score is

See also: