NASM Chapter 7 Practice Test – Human Movement Science

National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM) Certified Personal Trainer (CPT) Certification exam. NASM Chapter 7 Practice Test. There are 25 MCQs with explanations in Chapter 7: Human Movement Science. Download the free Quiz Quizlet PDF for CPT Certification based on the NASM 7th Edition CPT Study Guide.

Master the fundamentals of Human Movement Science with our targeted NASM CPT exam practice questions. This comprehensive set of 25 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) delves into integrating the nervous, skeletal, and muscular systems, biomechanics, muscle actions, and lever systems.

NASM Chapter 7 Practice Test

Each question is crafted to enhance your understanding of how these systems collaborate to facilitate human movement, preparing you for certification success. Perfect for aspiring personal trainers looking to deepen their expertise and ace their exams!

Q1. What is the primary focus of human movement science?

  • (A) Rehabilitation techniques
  • (B) Nutritional guidance
  • (C) Integrated function of nervous, skeletal, and muscular systems
  • (D) Cardiovascular fitness
View Answer
Answer: (C)
Explanation: Human movement science focuses on the integrated working of the nervous, skeletal, and muscular systems, forming the basis of all bodily movements.

Q2. What is the kinetic chain concept in human movement science?

  • (A) A series of isolated movements in a single plane
  • (B) The interconnected nature of the musculoskeletal system
  • (C) The linear progression of muscle size increase
  • (D) A sequence of exercises in a workout
View Answer
Answer: (B)
Explanation: The kinetic chain refers to the interconnected nature of the musculoskeletal system, where movement in one part affects movement in others.

Q3. Which of the following is NOT a plane of motion described in biomechanics?

  • (A) Sagittal
  • (B) Orbital
  • (C) Frontal
  • (D) Transverse
View Answer
Answer: (B)
Explanation: Orbital is not a recognized plane of motion in biomechanics. The three primary planes are sagittal, frontal, and transverse.

Q4. What muscle action involves muscle tension without a change in muscle length?

  • (A) Concentric
  • (B) Isokinetic
  • (C) Isotonic
  • (D) Isometric
View Answer
Answer: (D)
Explanation: Isometric actions involve creating muscle tension without altering the muscle length, resulting in no visible joint movement.

Q5. Which movement occurs in the frontal plane?

  • (A) Squats
  • (B) Side lunges
  • (C) Bicep curls
  • (D) Forward lunges
View Answer
Answer: (B)
Explanation: Side lunges occur in the frontal plane, which divides the body into front and back halves.

Q6. What is the function of synergist muscles?

  • (A) To oppose the prime movers
  • (B) To assist the prime movers
  • (C) To stabilize the joints
  • (D) To reduce the speed of movement
View Answer
Answer: (B)
Explanation: Synergist muscles assist the prime movers in carrying out movements, helping to enhance the muscle action.

Q7. What type of muscle action is characterized by a muscle shortening while contracting?

  • (A) Eccentric
  • (B) Isometric
  • (C) Concentric
  • (D) Isokinetic
View Answer
Answer: (C)
Explanation: Concentric muscle action involves the muscle shortening as it contracts, commonly observed during the upward phase of a bicep curl.

Q8. In human movement, what is a closed chain movement?

  • (A) Movement where the body part moves freely in space
  • (B) Movement requiring no joint coordination
  • (C) Movement where the body is in contact with a stable surface
  • (D) Isolated muscle movements
View Answer
Answer: (C)
Explanation: Closed chain movements are those where the body part is in contact with a stable surface, affecting multiple joints and requiring coordinated muscle contractions.

Q9. Which term describes the muscles that oppose the prime movers?

  • (A) Agonists
  • (B) Antagonists
  • (C) Synergists
  • (D) Stabilizers
View Answer
Answer: (B)
Explanation: Antagonists are muscles that oppose the action of the prime movers, allowing for controlled movement and balance of force.

Q10. What is the force-velocity curve in muscle physiology?

  • (A) It describes the relationship between muscle length and force production
  • (B) It shows how velocity affects the muscle’s ability to produce force
  • (C) It indicates the maximum velocity at zero force
  • (D) It relates the muscle’s temperature to its contraction speed
View Answer
Answer: (B)
Explanation: The force-velocity curve illustrates the inverse relationship between a muscle’s contraction speed (velocity) and the force it can produce. Faster contractions result in less force and vice versa.

Q11. What does the stretch-shortening cycle describe?

  • (A) A method of stretching that decreases muscle performance
  • (B) A cycle where a muscle rapidly shortens after being pre-stretched to generate greater force
  • (C) The process of muscle lengthening under load
  • (D) The recovery period needed after a muscle contraction
View Answer
Answer: (B)
Explanation: The stretch-shortening cycle describes a loaded eccentric muscle action followed by a rapid concentric action, enhancing force production.

Q12. What anatomical position describes the palms facing forward?

  • (A) Superior
  • (B) Medial
  • (C) Anatomical position
  • (D) Lateral
View Answer
Answer: (C)
Explanation: The anatomical position is a standard posture where the body stands upright, arms at the sides, and palms facing forward.

Q13. What is the primary role of stabilizer muscles during exercise?

  • (A) To initiate the primary movement
  • (B) To increase the range of motion
  • (C) To support and stabilize joints
  • (D) To relax opposing muscles
View Answer
Answer: (C)
Explanation: Stabilizer muscles support and stabilize joints during movements, ensuring proper alignment and reducing the risk of injury.

Q14. Which is an example of an open chain movement?

  • (A) Squats
  • (B) Pull-ups
  • (C) Bicep curls
  • (D) Push-ups
View Answer
Answer: (C)
Explanation: Bicep curls are an example of open chain movements where the hands or feet are free to move and are not fixed against a surface.

Q15. What describes the actions of muscles when they move the bones they are attached to?

  • (A) Isokinetic actions
  • (B) Muscle leverage
  • (C) Arthrokinematics
  • (D) Kinesiology
View Answer
Answer: (C)
Explanation: Arthrokinematics refers to the movements of joint surfaces, describing how muscles create movement at the joints they are connected to.

Q16. What type of lever is most common in the human body?

  • (A) First-class lever
  • (B) Second-class lever
  • (C) Third-class lever
  • (D) None of the above
View Answer
Answer: (C)
Explanation: Third-class levers, where the effort is applied between the fulcrum and the load, are the most common type of lever in the human body, facilitating efficient and versatile movements.

Q17. In biomechanics, what does the sagittal plane divide?

  • (A) The body into right and left halves
  • (B) The body into upper and lower halves
  • (C) The body into anterior and posterior halves
  • (D) The body into internal and external layers
View Answer
Answer: (A)
Explanation: The sagittal plane divides the body into right and left halves, allowing for movements like flexion and extension to occur around a medial-lateral axis.

Q18. Which type of muscle action occurs when the speed of movement is fixed and resistance varies with the force exerted?

  • (A) Isometric
  • (B) Isotonic
  • (C) Isokinetic
  • (D) Eccentric
View Answer
Answer: (C)
Explanation: Isokinetic actions occur when the speed of movement is constant, and the resistance changes based on the force exerted, typically used in rehabilitative settings to improve muscle functionality across its entire range.

Q19. What defines the term ‘agonist’ in muscle movements?

  • (A) The muscle that stabilizes the joint
  • (B) The muscle that is stretched during movement
  • (C) The primary muscle responsible for movement
  • (D) The muscle that assists the primary mover
View Answer
Answer: (C)
Explanation: The agonist is the primary muscle responsible for executing a movement; for instance, during a bicep curl, the biceps are the agonist.

Q20. How does the length-tension relationship influence muscle force production?

  • (A) Maximum force is produced at maximum muscle length
  • (B) Maximum force is produced at intermediate muscle lengths
  • (C) Maximum force is produced when muscles are completely contracted
  • (D) Muscle length has no impact on force production
View Answer
Answer: (B)
Explanation: The length-tension relationship describes how a muscle produces the maximum force when it is at an optimal, intermediate length, neither too stretched nor too contracted.

Q21. What describes the motor behavior in human movement science?

  • (A) The breakdown of food molecules
  • (B) The response to internal and external stimuli
  • (C) The formation of bone tissue
  • (D) The regulation of body temperature
View Answer
Answer: (B)
Explanation: Motor behavior in human movement science refers to how the human movement system responds to internal and external stimuli, affecting how movements are executed and adjusted.

Q22. Which is an example of a second-class lever in the human body?

  • (A) The action of the biceps brachii in a curl
  • (B) The action of the calf muscles during a calf raise
  • (C) The movement of the neck as you nod
  • (D) The bending of the knee during a squat
View Answer
Answer: (B)
Explanation: In a calf raise, the calf muscles lift the body’s weight on the toes, with the resistance (body weight) located between the fulcrum (the toes) and the effort (the muscle insertion on the heel), typical of a second-class lever.

Q23. What plane of motion involves movements that rotate the body?

  • (A) Sagittal
  • (B) Frontal
  • (C) Transverse
  • (D) Coronal
View Answer
Answer: (C)
Explanation: The transverse plane involves rotational movements around a vertical axis, dividing the body into upper and lower halves.

Q24. Which muscle action involves lengthening under tension?

  • (A) Concentric
  • (B) Isometric
  • (C) Eccentric
  • (D) Isokinetic
View Answer
Answer: (C)
Explanation: Eccentric muscle actions involve the muscle lengthening while under tension, often observed when lowering weights during resistance training.

Q25. What describes the movement of scapular retraction?

  • (A) The scapula moves toward the spine
  • (B) The scapula moves away from the spine
  • (C) The scapula moves upward
  • (D) The scapula moves downward
View Answer
Answer: (A)
Explanation: Scapular retraction occurs when the scapulae move toward the spine, typically observed during exercises like rowing.

See also: