Anatomy and Physiology RMA Exam Prep Practice Test 2024

Anatomy and Physiology RMA Exam Prep Practice Test 2024: Comprehensive Preparation for Success Prepare for the Registered Medical Assistant (RMA) Exam with our detailed Anatomy and Physiology Practice Test 2024. This practice test is designed to help you master the crucial topics covered in the RMA exam, ensuring you are well-prepared to achieve a high score.

Who Should Use This Practice Test?

  • Aspiring Registered Medical Assistants preparing for the RMA exam.
  • Current medical assistants looking to refresh their knowledge in anatomy and physiology.
  • Healthcare students and professionals seeking to improve their understanding of human anatomy and related medical terminology.

Anatomy and Physiology Practice Test 2024

Which of the following bones is part of the axial skeleton?

(A) Femur
(B) Humerus
(C) Scapula
(D) Sternum

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Answer: (D)

The autonomic nervous system controls:

(A) Voluntary muscle movements
(B) Involuntary bodily functions
(C) Sensory information
(D) Skeletal muscle contractions

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Answer: (B)

The primary function of red blood cells is to:

(A) Produce antibodies
(B) Transport oxygen
(C) Fight infections
(D) Clot blood

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Answer: (B)

The gland responsible for regulating metabolism is the:

(A) Adrenal gland
(B) Thyroid gland
(C) Pituitary gland
(D) Pancreas

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Answer: (B)

Which organ is part of the urinary system?

(A) Liver
(B) Spleen
(C) Kidney
(D) Pancreas

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Answer: (C)

The outermost layer of the skin is called:

(A) Dermis
(B) Hypodermis
(C) Subcutaneous layer
(D) Epidermis

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Answer: (D)

Which of the following is a function of the respiratory system?

(A) Filtration of blood
(B) Production of hormones
(C) Gas exchange
(D) Digestion of food

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Answer: (C)

The hormone insulin is produced by the:

(A) Liver
(B) Pancreas
(C) Kidneys
(D) Adrenal glands

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Answer: (B)

Which of the following is not a type of muscle tissue?

(A) Skeletal
(B) Cardiac
(C) Smooth
(D) Connective

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Answer: (D)

The structure that connects muscle to bone is called:

(A) Ligament
(B) Tendon
(C) Cartilage
(D) Fascia

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Answer: (B)

Disorders and Diseases

Hypertension is a condition characterized by:

(A) Low blood sugar
(B) High blood pressure
(C) High cholesterol
(D) Low red blood cell count

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Answer: (B)

Which of the following is a chronic respiratory disease?

(A) Bronchitis
(B) Asthma
(C) Pneumonia
(D) Tuberculosis

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Answer: (B)

Osteoporosis primarily affects which body system?

(A) Nervous
(B) Muscular
(C) Skeletal
(D) Digestive

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Answer: (C)

Diabetes mellitus is a disorder of which gland?

(A) Thyroid
(B) Adrenal
(C) Pancreas
(D) Pituitary

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Answer: (C)

A stroke is a condition affecting the:

(A) Heart
(B) Brain
(C) Lungs
(D) Kidneys

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Answer: (B)

Wellness and Nutrition

Which vitamin is essential for blood clotting?

(A) Vitamin A
(B) Vitamin C
(C) Vitamin D
(D) Vitamin K

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Answer: (D)

The macronutrient primarily used for energy by the body is:

(A) Protein
(B) Carbohydrate
(C) Fat
(D) Vitamins

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Answer: (B)

Which mineral is important for bone health?

(A) Iron
(B) Calcium
(C) Potassium
(D) Sodium

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Answer: (B)

The recommended daily intake of fiber for adults is:

(A) 10-15 grams
(B) 15-20 grams
(C) 25-30 grams
(D) 35-40 grams

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Answer: (C)

Regular physical exercise can help prevent:

(A) Hypertension
(B) Osteoporosis
(C) Type 2 diabetes
(D) All of the above

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Answer: (D)

Medical Terminology

The prefix “brady-” means:

(A) Fast
(B) Slow
(C) Short
(D) Long

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Answer: (B)

The suffix “-ectomy” means:

(A) Inflammation
(B) Cutting into
(C) Surgical removal
(D) Disease

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Answer: (C)

The root word “cardio” refers to:

(A) Lungs
(B) Stomach
(C) Heart
(D) Liver

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Answer: (C)

The abbreviation “BP” stands for:

(A) Body temperature
(B) Blood pressure
(C) Bowel sounds
(D) Breathing pattern

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Answer: (B)

The medical term for high blood sugar is:

(A) Hyperglycemia
(B) Hypoglycemia
(C) Hyperlipidemia
(D) Hypotension

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Answer: (A)

The term “nephritis” refers to inflammation of the:

(A) Liver
(B) Kidneys
(C) Lungs
(D) Stomach

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Answer: (B)

The abbreviation “qid” means:

(A) Once a day
(B) Twice a day
(C) Three times a day
(D) Four times a day

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Answer: (D)

The prefix “hemi-” means:

(A) Whole
(B) Half
(C) Double
(D) None

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Answer: (B)

The suffix “-logy” means:

(A) Study of
(B) Disease of
(C) Removal of
(D) Inflammation of

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Answer: (A)

The term “cyanosis” indicates:

(A) Red discoloration
(B) Blue discoloration
(C) Yellow discoloration
(D) Green discoloration

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Answer: (B)

Medical Abbreviations and Symbols

The abbreviation “HR” stands for:

(A) Heart rate
(B) Hemoglobin
(C) Hormone replacement
(D) High risk

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Answer: (A)

“NPO” means:

(A) No particular order
(B) Nothing by mouth
(C) No pulse oximetry
(D) Normal physical observation

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Answer: (B)

The symbol “↑” indicates:

(A) Increase
(B) Decrease
(C) Equal
(D) Approximately

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Answer: (A)

“PRN” means:

(A) As needed
(B) Once daily
(C) At bedtime
(D) Every hour

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Answer: (A)

The abbreviation “WBC” stands for:

(A) White blood cell
(B) Whole body count
(C) Weekly blood count
(D) Water-based content

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Answer: (A)

Spelling

Which of the following is the correct spelling?

(A) Hemorrage
(B) Hemorrhage
(C) Hemorage
(D) Hemorhage

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Answer: (B)

Which of the following is the correct spelling?

(A) Arithmia
(B) Arrhythmia
(C) Arythmia
(D) Arhytmia

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Answer: (B)

Which of the following is the correct spelling?

(A) Diabitis
(B) Diabedes
(C) Diabetes
(D) Diabities

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Answer: (C)

Which of the following is the correct spelling?

(A) Brachial
(B) Brachial
(C) Brachiel
(D) Brachyal

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Answer: (A)

Which of the following is the correct spelling?

(A) Caffine
(B) Caffene
(C) Caffeine
(D) Caffein

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Answer: (C)

Terminology

The term “tachycardia” means:

(A) Slow heart rate
(B) Fast heart rate
(C) Irregular heart rate
(D) Absent heart rate

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Answer: (B)

The term “leukocyte” refers to:

(A) Red blood cell
(B) White blood cell
(C) Platelet
(D) Plasma cell

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Answer: (B)

The term “hepatic” refers to the:

(A) Stomach
(B) Liver
(C) Kidneys
(D) Lungs

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Answer: (B)

The term “neonatal” refers to:

(A) Elderly patients
(B) Adult patients
(C) Adolescent patients
(D) Newborn patients

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Answer: (D)

The term “gastritis” means inflammation of the:

(A) Liver
(B) Kidneys
(C) Stomach
(D) Lungs

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Answer: (C)

The term “hypoglycemia” refers to:

(A) High blood sugar
(B) Low blood sugar
(C) High blood pressure
(D) Low blood pressure

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Answer: (B)

The term “otoscope” is a device used to examine the:

(A) Eyes
(B) Ears
(C) Throat
(D) Nose

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Answer: (B)

The term “cyanosis” refers to a:

(A) Red discoloration of the skin
(B) Yellow discoloration of the skin
(C) Blue discoloration of the skin
(D) Green discoloration of the skin

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Answer: (C)

The term “phlebotomy” refers to:

(A) Incision into a vein
(B) Removal of a vein
(C) Surgical repair of a vein
(D) X-ray of a vein

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Answer: (A)

The term “osteoporosis” refers to:

(A) Inflammation of the bones
(B) Softening of the bones
(C) Porous condition of the bones
(D) Hardening of the bones

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Answer: (C)

See also:

RMA Exam Practice Test 2024 AMT [UPDATED]

Medical Assistant Anatomy and Physiology Practice Test

Medical Assistant Nutrition Practice Test

Medical Assistant Pathology Practice Test 

Medical Assistant Patient & Communications Practice Test

Medical Assistant Professionalism Practice Test

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